With technology at our aide, we have seen an influx of new manufactured fabrics. These textiles imitate the characteristics of several fabrics in one, lending to some very versatile and high-grade fabrics. To shed some light on some of the new fabrics that are available, I’ve put together a brief summary of some of the manufactured fabrics made from natural base materials.
Bamboo – Distilling and producing bamboo fabrics is an entirely green process as bamboo is a natural cellulose fiber that accomplishes natural degradation in the soil. Bamboo fabrics are odour and bacteria-resistant while also being porous, breathable and absorbent. Because of the latent strength of the bamboo fibers, fabrics based on these fibers are strong and durable. They are commonly used in bedroom fabrics as well as T-shirts.
Cupro – The base material for cupro is regenerated cellulose fiber from wood pulp or cotton linters. The name cupro comes from cuprammonium, the process in which a chemical solution is used to dissolve the wood pulp or cotton linters. The fabric breathes like cotton, drapes beautifully, and feels as luxurious as silk.
Milk – Milk yarn is made from milk protein fibers where all the water content is taken out from the milk and is then skimmed. A new engineering technique is applied to make a protein spinning fluid that is suitable for wet spinning process through which the final textile fiber is created. During the spinning process, most manufacturers use a solvent and a micro-zinc ion is embedded into the fiber, which lends to a durable and bacteria-resistant fabric. It combines the advantages of both natural as well as synthetic fibers. The end product is a glossy and luxurious fabric that feels like silk and blends well with other fibers. High-grade intimates and loungewear are frequently manufactured with milk yarn fabric.
Modal – Modal is a cellulose fiber fabricated by spinning reconstituted cellulose from beech trees. It absorbs dye like cotton, but is colourfast and keeps its vibrancy as mineral deposits from hard water do not adhere to the fabric surface. Modal is also 50% more water absorbent and is resistant to shrinkage and fading. Combined with spandex, they create very smooth and soft basic tees. Household items like towels and bedsheets are also popular end-uses of textiles made from modal.
Pineapple or Piña – Pineapple fiber is a strong white or creamy cobweb-like fiber drawn from tall leaves of native pineapple plants. The fiber is hand stripped from the leaves lengthwise, sun-bleached, hand knotted, and finally spun. Piña fabric is lightweight, soft, washable and elegant in appearance. It is similar to linen only softer and more lustrous. It is often blended with other fibers such as cotton, silk, and polyester to make beautiful dresses with movement.